Volume 5, Issue 1 (6-2005)                   IJPR 2005, 5(1): 11-16 | Back to browse issues page

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M. E. Zomorrodian, R. Sabili. Bose Einstein condensation of gases in a harmonic potential trap. IJPR. 2005; 5 (1) :11-16
URL: http://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article-1-152-en.html
Abstract:   (11211 Views)
One of the most interesting properties of boson gases is that under special conditions, there is a possibility of a phase transition, in a critical temperature  below  which  all bosons condensate into  the ground state. This phenomenon is called Bose – Einstein Condensation (BEC). In  this paper, we investigate BEC in a harmonic oscillator trap. We conclude that, in contrast to a free boson gas, there is no critical temperature for phase transition in a harmonic oscillator trap. However , by numerical and analytical calculation, it is possible to obtain a temperature at which the heat capacity is maximum. We call this the critical  temperature . Possible explanation for all these features will be explained in this paper.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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