Volume 8, Number 2 (6-2008)                   IJPR 2008, 8(2): 109-109 | Back to browse issues page

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P. Fulde, F. Pollmann, E. Runge. Strongly correlated electrons on frustrated lattices. IJPR. 2008; 8 (2) :109-109
URL: http://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article-1-270-en.html

Abstract:   (10333 Views)

 We give an overview of recent work on charge degrees of freedom of strongly correlated electrons on geometrically frustrated lattices. Special attention is paid to the checkerboard lattice, i.e., the two-dimensional version of a pyrochlore lattice and to the kagomé lattice. For the checkerboard lattice it is shown that at half filling when spin degrees of freedom are neglected and at quarter filling when they are included excitations with fractional charges ±e/2 may exist. The same holds true for the three-dimensional pyrochlore lattice. In the former case the fractional charges are confined. The origin of the weak, constant confining force is discussed and some similarities to quarks and to string theory are pointed out. For the checkerboard lattice a formulation in terms of a compact U(1) gauge theory is described. Furthermore a new kinetic mechanism for ferromagnetism at special fillings of a kagomé lattice is discussed.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: general

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