Isfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69573320191126Calculation of electronic structure and density of state for BaTiO3Calculation of electronic structure and density of state for BaTiO<sub>3</sub>169175681FAH. SalehiS. M. HosseiniN. ShahtahmasebiJournal Article20191126 The electronic structure, density of state (DOS) and electronic density of state inparaelectric cubic crystal Ba TiO3 are studied using full potential-linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method in the framework of the density functional theory (DFT) with the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) by the WIEN2K package. The results show a direct band gap of 1.8 eV at the point in the Brillouin zone. The calculated band structure and density of state of BaTiO3 are in good agreement with theoretical and experimental results. The electronic structure, density of state (DOS) and electronic density of state inparaelectric cubic crystal Ba TiO3 are studied using full potential-linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method in the framework of the density functional theory (DFT) with the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) by the WIEN2K package. The results show a direct band gap of 1.8 eV at the point in the Brillouin zone. The calculated band structure and density of state of BaTiO3 are in good agreement with theoretical and experimental results.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_681_e9f53eec469c580a52c5f3fdf40d8421.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69573320191126Cosmological solutions of Brans-Dicke equations with cosmological constantCosmological solutions of Brans-Dicke equations with cosmological constant177183682FAI. Ahmadi-AzarJournal Article20191126 In this paper, the analytical solutions of Brans-Dicke (B-D) equations with cosmological constant are presented, in which the equation of state of the universe is P=mÙ° ρ , under the assumption φRn=c between the B-D field and the scale factor of the universe. The flat (K=0) Robertson- Walker metric has been considered for the metric of the universe. These solutions are rich in the sense that they include dust B-D theory with cosmological constant, Nariai Ù=° solutions, vacuum solutions of Ohanlen-Tupper and inflationary Ù=° solutions. In this paper, the analytical solutions of Brans-Dicke (B-D) equations with cosmological constant are presented, in which the equation of state of the universe is P=mÙ° ρ , under the assumption φRn=c between the B-D field and the scale factor of the universe. The flat (K=0) Robertson- Walker metric has been considered for the metric of the universe. These solutions are rich in the sense that they include dust B-D theory with cosmological constant, Nariai Ù=° solutions, vacuum solutions of Ohanlen-Tupper and inflationary Ù=° solutions.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_682_8350c83f8bcbcdc56ba22a53e597f5c5.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69573320191126parameterrization of microphysical and dynamical processes of rainfall in thunderstorm cloud modelparameterrization of microphysical and dynamical processes of rainfall in thunderstorm cloud model185198683FAS. J.J. B.Journal Article20191126 In this research parameterization of the precipitation process in Ogura & Takahashi (O-T) thunderstorm model was improved in microphysical processes, specially in the autoconversion process to form raindrops, in the glaciation process and in the terminal velocities of rain and hail. The rainfall intensity became much heavier with Kesslers parameterization, the second peak of the rainfall intensity disappeared with Biggs freezing probability, and the rainfall intensity became much heavier and sharper with Lin et als terminal velocities of rain and hail than in the O-T original model. Finally, the derived rainfall pattern based on the improved model has much similarities to the observation data. This paper expresses the basic research for studying the physical treatment in clouds. The modified O-T model has different applications in analyzing radar observation data, estimate the potential of soil erosion, parameteriztion of shower in mesoscale numerical weather prediction and eta. In this research parameterization of the precipitation process in Ogura & Takahashi (O-T) thunderstorm model was improved in microphysical processes, specially in the autoconversion process to form raindrops, in the glaciation process and in the terminal velocities of rain and hail. The rainfall intensity became much heavier with Kesslers parameterization, the second peak of the rainfall intensity disappeared with Biggs freezing probability, and the rainfall intensity became much heavier and sharper with Lin et als terminal velocities of rain and hail than in the O-T original model. Finally, the derived rainfall pattern based on the improved model has much similarities to the observation data. This paper expresses the basic research for studying the physical treatment in clouds. The modified O-T model has different applications in analyzing radar observation data, estimate the potential of soil erosion, parameteriztion of shower in mesoscale numerical weather prediction and eta.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_683_cbcafbb64d6f7e2f4a8ddbc5e127d4e2.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69573320191126Statistical Characteristics of magnetic recording particlesStatistical Characteristics of magnetic recording particles199212684FAS. A. S.M. A.Journal Article20191126 In magnetic recording media, the remanent magnetization loop, Mr(H)has some parameters, which explain the prperties of the medium in view of the storage density and signal-to-noise ratio. It is necessary to find the mechanism of Mr variations from the statistical characteristics of the system. We have prepared samples of single-domain ascicolar iron particles with 0.3 length, and the oriented textures of particles formed. The easy axis distribution of particles in the samples was determind using the results of magnetic measurements. The effect of the distribution width on Mr and corecivity (Hc) have been studied. The deviation of results from the Stoner-Wohlforth model for Hc indicates a correlation in the medium due to the dipole-dipole interaction. We also present a technique for determining the switching field distribution in medium, which has been used for various samples. A narrow distribution leads to narrow transition regions in the recording media, and an increase of signal. A high switching field at the maximum of distribution indicates the ability of high recording density. In magnetic recording media, the remanent magnetization loop, Mr(H)has some parameters, which explain the prperties of the medium in view of the storage density and signal-to-noise ratio. It is necessary to find the mechanism of Mr variations from the statistical characteristics of the system. We have prepared samples of single-domain ascicolar iron particles with 0.3 length, and the oriented textures of particles formed. The easy axis distribution of particles in the samples was determind using the results of magnetic measurements. The effect of the distribution width on Mr and corecivity (Hc) have been studied. The deviation of results from the Stoner-Wohlforth model for Hc indicates a correlation in the medium due to the dipole-dipole interaction. We also present a technique for determining the switching field distribution in medium, which has been used for various samples. A narrow distribution leads to narrow transition regions in the recording media, and an increase of signal. A high switching field at the maximum of distribution indicates the ability of high recording density.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_684_877831d02a6ff87272f14938d9115ffb.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69573320191126Sea surface temperature and Ekman transport in the Persian GulfSea surface temperature and Ekman transport in the Persian Gulf213222685FAE. H.H. N.Journal Article20191126 The wind drift motion of the water which is produced by the stress of the wind exerted upon the surface of the ocean is described by Ekmans theory (1905). Using the mean monthly values for the wind stress and SST, seasonal Ekman transport for the Persian Gulf was computed and contoured. The geostrophic winds have combined with the SST to estimate the effect of cooling due to Ekman transport of colder northern waters and inflow from the Oman Sea. The monthly SST mainly obtained from the 10 10 grided data of Levitus atlas and Hormuz Cruis Experiment for 1997. Analyses show a NW to SE Ekman transport due to wind stress and significant interannual variability of SST on sea surface in the Persian Gulf. The seasonal variation of SST shows a continental pattern due to severe interaction between the land and sea. But these variations somehow moderates because of Ekman transport in Persian Gulf. The wind drift motion of the water which is produced by the stress of the wind exerted upon the surface of the ocean is described by Ekmans theory (1905). Using the mean monthly values for the wind stress and SST, seasonal Ekman transport for the Persian Gulf was computed and contoured. The geostrophic winds have combined with the SST to estimate the effect of cooling due to Ekman transport of colder northern waters and inflow from the Oman Sea. The monthly SST mainly obtained from the 10 10 grided data of Levitus atlas and Hormuz Cruis Experiment for 1997. Analyses show a NW to SE Ekman transport due to wind stress and significant interannual variability of SST on sea surface in the Persian Gulf. The seasonal variation of SST shows a continental pattern due to severe interaction between the land and sea. But these variations somehow moderates because of Ekman transport in Persian Gulf.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_685_4c288c10695e7872cf0b122b0b6e92bb.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69573320191126Study of electronic and Structural Properties of CaSStudy of electronic and Structural Properties of CaS223232686FAM. MirfenderskiH. AkbarzadehA. MokhtariJournal Article20191126 The electronic and structural properties of CaS are calculated using full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within the local density approximation (LDA) and generalized gradient approximation (GGA) for the exchange-correlation energy. For both structures, NaCl structure (B1) and CsCl structure (B2), the obtained values for lattice parameters, Bulk modulus and its pressure derivative and transition pressure are in reasonable agreement with the experimental values. For electronic properties, the obtained value for band gap is smaller than the experimental value as well as other calculated results based on density functional theory. Engel and Vosko calculated an exchange potential for some atoms within the so-called optimize-potential model and then used the virial relation and constructed a new exchange-correlation functional (EV-GGA). We used that functional and obtained reasonable results for band gap. Finally we investigated the possibility for a third phase (Zinc Blend structure) for this crystal. The electronic and structural properties of CaS are calculated using full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within the local density approximation (LDA) and generalized gradient approximation (GGA) for the exchange-correlation energy. For both structures, NaCl structure (B1) and CsCl structure (B2), the obtained values for lattice parameters, Bulk modulus and its pressure derivative and transition pressure are in reasonable agreement with the experimental values. For electronic properties, the obtained value for band gap is smaller than the experimental value as well as other calculated results based on density functional theory. Engel and Vosko calculated an exchange potential for some atoms within the so-called optimize-potential model and then used the virial relation and constructed a new exchange-correlation functional (EV-GGA). We used that functional and obtained reasonable results for band gap. Finally we investigated the possibility for a third phase (Zinc Blend structure) for this crystal.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_686_2382d7bac89df7d0faa0061b52d55f6d.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69573320191126Calculation of charge transfer differential cross section by Faddeev approachCalculation of charge transfer differential cross section by Faddeev approach233245687FAE. G. H.M. B.Journal Article20191126 A second-order approximation to the Faddeev-Watson-Lovelace treatment of the rearrangement channel is used in a three-body scattering cross sections. In this formalism, the Three-body wave function is expressed by three coupled integral equations, the Faddeev equations, which contian the two-body (off-shell) transition amplitudes, and proved the uniqueness of their solutions. This amplitude corresponds to the summing of infinite numbers of terms involving the electron-projectile and electron-target nuclear potentials in a Born expansion of the transition operator. It thus represents a considerable improvement over a treatment involving only the second-order Born approximation. Application of this method is tedious because of a difficulty arising from the complicated nature of the two-body off-shell Coulomb T-matrix, which is the basic dynamical ingredient in the formalism. The difficulty arises from the fact that the Coulomb T-matrix does not have a well-defined on-shell limit. Expressions are derived for projectile scattering angles in the extreme forward directions and for angles centered about the local maximum of the differential cross section [at (mc/Mp < /sub>) Sin600, where mc is the electron mass and Mp < /sub> is the projectile mass] known as the Thomas peak. A mixture of analytical and numerical methods have been used to calculate the transition amplitudes for state to state [H+ +H(nIm)→H (n´I´m´) + H+] reaction and therefore the corresponding cross sections. Many numerical and analytical calculations are available within a near-the-shell limit for 1s-1s transition of electron-capture process in proton hydrogen collision, but no calculation was performed for the state (nlm) to state (n’l’m’). We have compared the calculated differential cross sections for electron capture of different states and also with the available measured cross sections in the literature. A second-order approximation to the Faddeev-Watson-Lovelace treatment of the rearrangement channel is used in a three-body scattering cross sections. In this formalism, the Three-body wave function is expressed by three coupled integral equations, the Faddeev equations, which contian the two-body (off-shell) transition amplitudes, and proved the uniqueness of their solutions. This amplitude corresponds to the summing of infinite numbers of terms involving the electron-projectile and electron-target nuclear potentials in a Born expansion of the transition operator. It thus represents a considerable improvement over a treatment involving only the second-order Born approximation. Application of this method is tedious because of a difficulty arising from the complicated nature of the two-body off-shell Coulomb T-matrix, which is the basic dynamical ingredient in the formalism. The difficulty arises from the fact that the Coulomb T-matrix does not have a well-defined on-shell limit. Expressions are derived for projectile scattering angles in the extreme forward directions and for angles centered about the local maximum of the differential cross section [at (mc/Mp < /sub>) Sin600, where mc is the electron mass and Mp < /sub> is the projectile mass] known as the Thomas peak. A mixture of analytical and numerical methods have been used to calculate the transition amplitudes for state to state [H+ +H(nIm)→H (n´I´m´) + H+] reaction and therefore the corresponding cross sections. Many numerical and analytical calculations are available within a near-the-shell limit for 1s-1s transition of electron-capture process in proton hydrogen collision, but no calculation was performed for the state (nlm) to state (n’l’m’). We have compared the calculated differential cross sections for electron capture of different states and also with the available measured cross sections in the literature.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_687_5721c38e3201e7b435b0b8ec9f0711ae.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69573320191126The effects of impurities on the band gap energy of CdS photoconductorsThe effects of impurities on the band gap energy of CdS photoconductors247253688FAR. S.A. N.Journal Article20191126 The basic requirements of the CdS thin films on their applications are high optical transparency, low electrical resistivity, and better crystalinity (e.g.high orientation). Firstly, we prepared CdS films by thermal eveporation techniques on glass substrate and then studied their photoconductivity from room temperature to 200 . Secondly, we prepared CdS films with impurities of Cu, Ag, Au and Al. In doped films with Cu, Ag and Au, we found CdS peak shifts towards lower energies. Our aim was to uas a new and initiative method for temerature and impurities effects on CdS photoconductors. The basic requirements of the CdS thin films on their applications are high optical transparency, low electrical resistivity, and better crystalinity (e.g.high orientation). Firstly, we prepared CdS films by thermal eveporation techniques on glass substrate and then studied their photoconductivity from room temperature to 200 . Secondly, we prepared CdS films with impurities of Cu, Ag, Au and Al. In doped films with Cu, Ag and Au, we found CdS peak shifts towards lower energies. Our aim was to uas a new and initiative method for temerature and impurities effects on CdS photoconductors.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_688_1c9206360171caa15bb02d8784b90e4e.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69573320191126Symmetry breaking in mirror nuclei55 Co and 55NiSymmetry breaking in mirror nuclei<sup>55</sup> Co and <sup>55</sup>Ni253253689FAS. MohammadiJournal Article20191126 Yrast states in mirror nuclei 55Co and 55Ni have been populated with a radioactive ion beam using the Isotope Separator On-Line method. A shielded array of 7 Compton suppressed germanium detectors recorded reaction gamma-rays. For channel selection, an array of 128 independent silicon detectors was used to differentiate exit channels with different number of proton and alpha particles emitted. From gamma-gamma and gamma-particle coincidences, three lines in 55Co and one line in 55Ni was obtained for the first time Yrast states in mirror nuclei 55Co and 55Ni have been populated with a radioactive ion beam using the Isotope Separator On-Line method. A shielded array of 7 Compton suppressed germanium detectors recorded reaction gamma-rays. For channel selection, an array of 128 independent silicon detectors was used to differentiate exit channels with different number of proton and alpha particles emitted. From gamma-gamma and gamma-particle coincidences, three lines in 55Co and one line in 55Ni was obtained for the first timehttps://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_689_6b4557ebc32072f438788b72e9883f8d.pdf