Isfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69575220191126Bethe-Salpeter equation in non-commutative spaceBethe-Salpeter equation in non-commutative space5561690FAM. HaghighatA. AhmadianJournal Article20191126 We consider Bethe-Salpeter (BS) equation for the bound state of two point particles in the non-commutative space-time. We subsequently explore the BS equation for spin0-spin0, spin1/2-spin1/2 and spin0-spin1/2 bound states. we show that the lowest order spin independent correction to energy spectrum in each case is of the order θ a 4 while the spin dependent one in NC space, is started at the order θ a 6. We consider Bethe-Salpeter (BS) equation for the bound state of two point particles in the non-commutative space-time. We subsequently explore the BS equation for spin0-spin0, spin1/2-spin1/2 and spin0-spin1/2 bound states. we show that the lowest order spin independent correction to energy spectrum in each case is of the order θ a 4 while the spin dependent one in NC space, is started at the order θ a 6.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_690_8b7b843c34d492d51789ec992815a14a.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69575220191126Spin waves and unidirectional anisotropy in ultra thin ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayerSpin waves and unidirectional anisotropy in ultra thin ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayer6374691FAH. MoradiJournal Article20191126 In this paper a simple model calculation of spin wave is given for the ferromagtic layer in ultra thin ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayer. In this model the magnetic layer is assumed as an isolated layer but the effect of antiferromagnetic layer on ferromagnetic layer and unidirectional anisotropy, is given in the effective field applied on each spin. The thin layer is assumed as two-dimensional plate. In this model the exchange coupling and dipoles interactions are assumed in the ferromagnetic layer. The spin wave frequencies are calculated for long spin waves. The observed data is fitted into this theory. In the light of this theory, important information can be obtained about the existing fields in the ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayer. These studies are very important because the ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayer is used in sensors and spin valves that are used in reading data from the hard-disk of computer. In this paper a simple model calculation of spin wave is given for the ferromagtic layer in ultra thin ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayer. In this model the magnetic layer is assumed as an isolated layer but the effect of antiferromagnetic layer on ferromagnetic layer and unidirectional anisotropy, is given in the effective field applied on each spin. The thin layer is assumed as two-dimensional plate. In this model the exchange coupling and dipoles interactions are assumed in the ferromagnetic layer. The spin wave frequencies are calculated for long spin waves. The observed data is fitted into this theory. In the light of this theory, important information can be obtained about the existing fields in the ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayer. These studies are very important because the ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayer is used in sensors and spin valves that are used in reading data from the hard-disk of computer.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_691_abee3c3e9c346c6d64e8431ab5d2d5c7.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69575220191126Determination of time spectra of neutrons and energy spectra of muonic atoms in Î¼CF by Monte-Carlo methodDetermination of time spectra of neutrons and energy spectra of muonic atoms in Î¼CF by Monte-Carlo method7590692FAS. Z. KalantariJ. EsmailiJournal Article20191126 In this paper the cycle of muon catalyzed fusion processes has been simulated using Monte-Carlo methods. This simulation starts when muon enters the D/T mixture and follows the actual trajectories of the muonic atoms among the proceeding collisions, by using their cross sections. For this purpose a computer code has been written by Fortran language. The time dependence of the processes is take into account and the time spectrum of the events in the μCF cycle has been obtained. The time spectrum of neutrons created in fusion and energy spectrum of muonic atoms have been calculated. One can obtain more detailed information such as fusion yield per muon (χ), cycling rate (λc) and total sticking coefficient W, for various hydrogen isotopic concentrations, by expending the Monte-Carlo simulation. Results has been compared with some experimental data and the other calculation methods. In this paper the cycle of muon catalyzed fusion processes has been simulated using Monte-Carlo methods. This simulation starts when muon enters the D/T mixture and follows the actual trajectories of the muonic atoms among the proceeding collisions, by using their cross sections. For this purpose a computer code has been written by Fortran language. The time dependence of the processes is take into account and the time spectrum of the events in the μCF cycle has been obtained. The time spectrum of neutrons created in fusion and energy spectrum of muonic atoms have been calculated. One can obtain more detailed information such as fusion yield per muon (χ), cycling rate (λc) and total sticking coefficient W, for various hydrogen isotopic concentrations, by expending the Monte-Carlo simulation. Results has been compared with some experimental data and the other calculation methods.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_692_a7a35528fef9b5f429fe06a22a8582db.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69575220191126Calculation of the scalar curvature for the four state complex spin model and investigation of its behaviourCalculation of the scalar curvature for the four state complex spin model and investigation of its behaviour9196693FAT. MardaniB. MirzaJournal Article20191126 In various statistical mechanical models, introduction of a metric into space of prameters gives a new perspective to the phase structure. In this paper, the scalar curvature R of this metric for a one dimensional four-state complex spin model is calculated. It is shown that this parameter has a similar behaviour to the Ising and Potts models. In various statistical mechanical models, introduction of a metric into space of prameters gives a new perspective to the phase structure. In this paper, the scalar curvature R of this metric for a one dimensional four-state complex spin model is calculated. It is shown that this parameter has a similar behaviour to the Ising and Potts models.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_693_30b2b87980d3631e232c20891a85a5c1.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69575220191126Grain size stabilization of tetragonal phase of zirconia in sputtered Zr- O cermet filmsGrain size stabilization of tetragonal phase of zirconia in sputtered Zr- O cermet films97102694FAM. S. HadaviS. H. KeshmiriA. KompanyQ. C. ZhangJournal Article20191126 In this research, thin films of Zr/ZrO2 composites were deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering technique on Si and fused Silica substrates, and their structures were investigated by XRD method. During the deposition of the cermet layers, a Zr metallic target was sputtered in a gas mixture of Ar and O2. By controlling of O2 flow rate, the different metal volume fractions in the cermet layers were achieved. The optical response of the samples was studied using spectroscopy methods. Also the effect of vacuum annealing on the structures and the optical properties were studied. XRD results indicated that the prepared samples were amorphous and vacuum annealing induced crystallization in the cermet films. This research also showed that without doping, the tetragonal phase of zirconia can be stabilized at a temperature lower than the normal transition temperature. This is “grain size stabilization” and relates to the small size of the crystallites. In order to study the electron diffraction in the selected area patterns (SAD), the samples were analyzed by a high-resolution transmission microscope. The SAD results showed that all of the as prepared samples were amorphous showing evidence of very small Zr crystallites immersed in a dielectric medium.The SAD results are in close agreement with those obtained by XRD analysis. In this research, thin films of Zr/ZrO2 composites were deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering technique on Si and fused Silica substrates, and their structures were investigated by XRD method. During the deposition of the cermet layers, a Zr metallic target was sputtered in a gas mixture of Ar and O2. By controlling of O2 flow rate, the different metal volume fractions in the cermet layers were achieved. The optical response of the samples was studied using spectroscopy methods. Also the effect of vacuum annealing on the structures and the optical properties were studied. XRD results indicated that the prepared samples were amorphous and vacuum annealing induced crystallization in the cermet films. This research also showed that without doping, the tetragonal phase of zirconia can be stabilized at a temperature lower than the normal transition temperature. This is “grain size stabilization” and relates to the small size of the crystallites. In order to study the electron diffraction in the selected area patterns (SAD), the samples were analyzed by a high-resolution transmission microscope. The SAD results showed that all of the as prepared samples were amorphous showing evidence of very small Zr crystallites immersed in a dielectric medium.The SAD results are in close agreement with those obtained by XRD analysis.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_694_b0d85e06130aa66c26dd182502bb41e5.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69575220191126First principles study of CaTiO3 crystal in paraelectric and ferroelectric phasesFirst principles study of CaTiO<sub>3</sub> crystal in paraelectric and ferroelectric phases103108695FAS. H. HashemiA. KompanyS. M. HosseiniJournal Article20191126 Electronic properties of CaTiO3 crystal in paraelectric and ferroelectric phases have been studied by first principles, using Hohenberg-Kohn-Sham density functional theory (DFT). In paraelectric phase the results show an indirect band gap of about 2eV at -R direction in the Brilluoin zone and a strong hybridization between Ti-3d an O-2P orbital. In ferroelectric phase a direct band gap of about 1eV is seen at point. Up to our knowledge no data has been reported on the ferroelectric phase so far, therefore our results might be useful for the future works. Electronic properties of CaTiO3 crystal in paraelectric and ferroelectric phases have been studied by first principles, using Hohenberg-Kohn-Sham density functional theory (DFT). In paraelectric phase the results show an indirect band gap of about 2eV at -R direction in the Brilluoin zone and a strong hybridization between Ti-3d an O-2P orbital. In ferroelectric phase a direct band gap of about 1eV is seen at point. Up to our knowledge no data has been reported on the ferroelectric phase so far, therefore our results might be useful for the future works.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_695_d5959607ba3844065554b0c98a0e9f1a.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69575220191126Zr/Ba/Na fluoride glass molecular dynamics studies at atmospheric pressure and 4 GPa I: equilibration and the glass transitionZr/Ba/Na fluoride glass molecular dynamics studies at atmospheric pressure and 4 GPa I: equilibration and the glass transition109109696FAS. GruenhutM. AminiD. R. MacFarlaneP. MeakinJournal Article20191126 A constant volume, atmospheric pressure Zr/Ba/Na fluoride glass has been simulated by molecular dynamics with the limitations of the Born-Mayer-Huggins potentials, used previously and resulting in high simulation pressures, having been overcome. The simulated structure of this glass as well as its activation energy for diffusion are in very good agreement with those experimentally observed. To highlight the changes brought on by the decrease in pressure, the simulation at atmospheric pressure has been compared with one at high pressure. The results show that structural energy (total and potential), specific heat and pressure derivative changes occur with the reduction in pressure. In addition, a greater structural relaxation rate and a glass with a lower configurational variation were also observed. The glass transition has also been studied and it was found, on moving from glass to liquid temperatures, to be caused by the breaking of structural and geometric constraints. As expected, a sharp increase in the MSD was observed after the glass transition. A constant volume, atmospheric pressure Zr/Ba/Na fluoride glass has been simulated by molecular dynamics with the limitations of the Born-Mayer-Huggins potentials, used previously and resulting in high simulation pressures, having been overcome. The simulated structure of this glass as well as its activation energy for diffusion are in very good agreement with those experimentally observed. To highlight the changes brought on by the decrease in pressure, the simulation at atmospheric pressure has been compared with one at high pressure. The results show that structural energy (total and potential), specific heat and pressure derivative changes occur with the reduction in pressure. In addition, a greater structural relaxation rate and a glass with a lower configurational variation were also observed. The glass transition has also been studied and it was found, on moving from glass to liquid temperatures, to be caused by the breaking of structural and geometric constraints. As expected, a sharp increase in the MSD was observed after the glass transition.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_696_2005cfe0d37fc91e1349a6da2b6460d5.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69575220191126The nature of the phonon eigenstates in quasiperiodic chains (the role of Fibonacci lattices)The nature of the phonon eigenstates in quasiperiodic chains (the role of Fibonacci lattices)110110697FAS. A. KetabiN. ShahtahmasebiJournal Article20191126 Using the forced oscillator method (FOM) and the transfer-matrix technique, we numerically investigate the nature of the phonon states and the wave propagation, in the presence of an external force, in the chains composed of Fibonacci lattices of type site, bond and mixing models, as the quasiperiodic systems. Calculating the Lyapunov exponent and the participation ratio, we also study the localization properties of phonon eigenstates in these chains. The focus is on the significant relationship between the transmission spectra and the nature of the phonon states. Our results show that in the presence of the Fibonacci lattices, at low and medium frequencies the spectra of the quasiperiodic systems are not much different from those of the periodic ones and the corresponding phonon eigenstates are extended. However, the numerical results of the calculations of the transmission coefficient T(ω) , the inverse Lyapunov exponent Γ(ω)-1 and the participation ratio PR(ω) show that at high frequencies, in contrast with similar ones in disordered systems, the phonon eigenstates are delocalized. Using the forced oscillator method (FOM) and the transfer-matrix technique, we numerically investigate the nature of the phonon states and the wave propagation, in the presence of an external force, in the chains composed of Fibonacci lattices of type site, bond and mixing models, as the quasiperiodic systems. Calculating the Lyapunov exponent and the participation ratio, we also study the localization properties of phonon eigenstates in these chains. The focus is on the significant relationship between the transmission spectra and the nature of the phonon states. Our results show that in the presence of the Fibonacci lattices, at low and medium frequencies the spectra of the quasiperiodic systems are not much different from those of the periodic ones and the corresponding phonon eigenstates are extended. However, the numerical results of the calculations of the transmission coefficient T(ω) , the inverse Lyapunov exponent Γ(ω)-1 and the participation ratio PR(ω) show that at high frequencies, in contrast with similar ones in disordered systems, the phonon eigenstates are delocalized.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_697_f162ea6559e4b4f4ca616484358c451d.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69575220191126A three-body force model for the harmonic and anharmonic oscillatorA three-body force model for the harmonic and anharmonic oscillator111111698FAA. A. RajabiJournal Article20191126 We present a mathematical method to describe motion of a system based on 3 identical body forces. The 3-body forces are more easily introduced and treated within the hyperspherical harmonics. We have obtained an exact solution of the radial Schrödinger equation for a 3- body system in three dimensions. The interact potential V is assumed to depend on the hyperradius X only where X is a function of the Jacobi relative coordinates ρ and λ which are functions of the three identical particles, relative positions r12 , r23 and r31 . This method has been extensively used in nuclear and molecular physics. This work is interesting to those who are studying hadronic and bosonics physics and problems consisting three - body systems. We present a mathematical method to describe motion of a system based on 3 identical body forces. The 3-body forces are more easily introduced and treated within the hyperspherical harmonics. We have obtained an exact solution of the radial Schrödinger equation for a 3- body system in three dimensions. The interact potential V is assumed to depend on the hyperradius X only where X is a function of the Jacobi relative coordinates ρ and λ which are functions of the three identical particles, relative positions r12 , r23 and r31 . This method has been extensively used in nuclear and molecular physics. This work is interesting to those who are studying hadronic and bosonics physics and problems consisting three - body systems.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_698_32ff7e355ee6da75ab2d7dd1c41f9763.pdfIsfahan University of Technology,
The Physics Society of IranIranian Journal of Physics Research1682-69575220191126Energy shift of interacting non-relativistic fermions in noncommutative spaceEnergy shift of interacting non-relativistic fermions in noncommutative space112112699FAA. JahanJournal Article20191126 A local interaction in noncommutative space modifies to a non-local one. For an assembly of particles interacting through the contact potential, formalism of the quantum field theory makes it possible to take into account the effect of modification of the potential on the energy of the system. In this paper we calculate the energy shift of an assembly of non-relativistic fermions, interacting through the contact potential in the presence of the two-dimensional noncommutativity. A local interaction in noncommutative space modifies to a non-local one. For an assembly of particles interacting through the contact potential, formalism of the quantum field theory makes it possible to take into account the effect of modification of the potential on the energy of the system. In this paper we calculate the energy shift of an assembly of non-relativistic fermions, interacting through the contact potential in the presence of the two-dimensional noncommutativity.https://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article_699_d3ff9fb673d3ac50a2d55842fb7fa630.pdf