نویسندگان

دانشکده فیزیک، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران

چکیده

در این مقاله تلاش می‌کنیم‌ معرفی و مرور مقدماتی بکنیم از برخی از موضوع‌ها، یافته‌ها، و نیز چالش‌های حوزه ترمودینامیک کوانتومی، تا پژوهشگران علاقه‌مند بتوانند با آن آشنایی آغازین ‌پیدا کنند. این مرور شامل معرفی مفاهیم بنیادی ترمودینامیک کوانتومی نظیر کار و گرما، آنتروپی و تعادل گرمایی، اعتبار قانون دوم ترمودینامیک، پیوند ترمودینامیک و نظریه اطلاعات، و چگونگی بهره‌گیری از ویژگی‌های کوانتومی مانند درهم‌تنیدگی و همبستگی کوانتومی در ماشین‌های گرمایی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

A review of quantum thermodynamics

نویسندگان [English]

  • S Shahidani
  • A Rezakhani

چکیده [English]

In this article, we present a brief and elementary review of quantum thermodynamics and its achievements and challenges. This review includes an introduction to some fundamental concepts such as internal energy, heat, work, entropy, entropy production, thermal equilibrium, second law of quantum thermodynamics, relation between thermodynamics and information theory, as well as a discussion of how quantum effects such as entanglement and correlations affect performance of quantum heat engines.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • quantum thermodynamics
  • energy
  • heat
  • entropy
  • correlation
  • information

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