Volume 5, Issue 4 (12-2005)                   IJPR 2005, 5(4): 163-177 | Back to browse issues page

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R. Moussavi, H. Rafii-Tabar. Nanothermodynamics: a subdivision potential approach. IJPR. 2005; 5 (4) :163-177
URL: http://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article-1-209-en.html
Abstract:   (13425 Views)

 Classical thermodynamic laws and relations have been developed for macroscopic systems that satisfy the thermodynamic limit. These relations are challenged as the system size decreases to the scale of nano-systems, in which thermodynamic properties are overshadowed by system size, and the usual classical concepts of extensivity and intensivity are no longer valid. The challenges to the classical thermodynamics in relation to small systems are demonstrated, and via the approach introduced by Hill, the concept of sub-division potential is clarified in details. The fundamental thermodynamic relations are obtained using a rational-based method.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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