Volume 6, Issue 3 (9-2006)                   IJPR 2006, 6(3): 234-234 | Back to browse issues page

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G. Baskaran. Superconductivity in optimally doped cuprates: BZA program works well and superexchange is the glue. IJPR. 2006; 6 (3) :234-234
URL: http://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article-1-73-en.html
Abstract:   (26667 Views)

  Resonating valence bond states in a doped Mott insulator was proposed to explain superconductivity in cuprates in January 1987 by Anderson. A challenging task then was proving existence of this unconventional mechanism and a wealth of possibilities, with a rigor acceptable in standard condensed matter physics, in a microscopic theory and develop suitable many body techniques. Shortly, a paper by Anderson, Zou and us (BZA) undertook this task and initiated a program. Three key papers that followed, shortly, essentially completed the program, as far as superconductivity is concerned,i) a gauge theory approach by Anderson and us, that went beyond mean field theory ii) Kotliar’s d -wave solution in BZA theory iii) improvement of a renormalized Hamiltonian in BZA theory, using a Gutzwiller approximation by Zhang, Gros, Rice and Shiba. In this article I shall focus on the merits of BZA and gauge theory papers. They turned out to be a foundation for subsequent developments dealing with more aspects that were unconventional - d -wave order parameter with nodal Bogoliubov quasi particles, Affleck-Marston’s π-flux condensed spin liquid phase, unconventional spin-1 collective mode at (π, π), and other fascinating developments. Kivelson, Rokhsar and Sethna’s idea of holons and their bose condensation found expression in the slave boson formalism and lead to results similar to BZA program. At optimal doping, correlated electrons acquire sufficient fermi sea character, at the same time retain enough superexchange inherited from a Mott insulator parentage, ending in a BCS like situation with superexchange as a glue! Not surprisingly, mean field theory works well at optimal doping, even quantitatively. Further, t-J model is a minimal model only around optimal doping, where RVB superconductivity is also at its best.

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