TY - JOUR
T1 - Effect of fission fragment on thermal conductivity via electrons with an energy about 0.5 MeV in fuel rod gap
TT - تأثیر محصولات شکافت بر فرایند انتقال گرما توسط الکترونهای با انرژی در حدود 0.5MeV در فاصله بین سوخت و غلاف
JF - IJPR
JO - IJPR
VL - 16
IS - 4
UR - http://ijpr.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2234-en.html
Y1 - 2017
SP - 335
EP - 343
KW - Fokker-Planck equation
KW - thermal conductivity
KW - Electron energy distribution function
KW - fission fragment
N2 - The heat transfer process from pellet to coolant is one of the important issues in nuclear reactor. In this regard, the fuel to clad gap and its physical and chemical properties are effective factors on heat transfer in nuclear fuel rod discussion. So, the energy distribution function of electrons with an energy about 0.5 MeV in fuel rod gap in Busherhr’s VVER-1000 nuclear reactor was investigated in this paper. Also, the effect of fission fragments such as Krypton, Bromine, Xenon, Rubidium and Cesium on the electron energy distribution function as well as the heat conduction via electrons in the fuel rod gap have been studied. For this purpose, the Fokker- Planck equation governing the stochastic behavior of electrons in absorbing gap element has been applied in order to obtain the energy distribution function of electrons. This equation was solved via Runge-Kutta numerical method. On the other hand, the electron energy distribution function was determined by using Monte Carlo GEANT4 code. It was concluded that these fission fragments have virtually insignificant effect on energy distribution of electrons and therefore, on thermal conductivity via electrons in the fuel to clad gap. It is worth noting that this result is consistent with the results of other experiments. Also, it is shown that electron relaxation in gap leads to decrease in thermal conductivity via electrons
M3 10.18869/acadpub.ijpr.16.4.335
ER -