High magneto- crystalline anisotropy (ku=7×106j/m3) of L10-FePt nanoparticles are an excellent candidate for ultra high-density magnetic recording. The 4 nm FePt nanocrystals were prepared by superhydride reduction of FeCl2·4H2O and Pt(acac)2 precursors in the phenyl ether by reduction of the 1, 2-hexadecanediol and LiBEt3H superhydride. The crystal and magnetic structures were studied by XRD and VSM analysis. By TEM and EDS analyses the size distribution and molar concentration of Fe/Pt of the nanoparticles were determined. The results showed that the particles are first superparamagnetic before heat treatment and then a phase transition accrue from disorder fcc to order fct structure after annealing. Finally, the phase transition leads the magnetic anisotropy of hard FePt nanoparticles to increase to 7 kOe.