Document Type : Original Article


Dapartment of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran


In this research, the Fe-Sn alloy nanowires were made by AC electrodeposition method in anodic ‎aluminum oxide (AAO). The effect of different symmetrical voltages of electrodeposition (17.5-32.5 V) ‎and annealing temperature on magnetic and structural properties of Fe-Sn nanowires were investigated. ‎The magnetic properties, morphology, element composition of materials and crystal structure of the ‎nanowires were studied by AGFM, SEM, EDX and XRD, respectively. The results showed that, coercivity ‎field (Hc) and square ratio (Sq) increases by increasing deposition voltage and also, crystallinity of the ‎nanowires and resulting their crystalline magnetic anisotropy increased, but deposition percentage of Sn ‎to Fe reduced. The Hc and Sq of prepared nanowires were increased by annealing due to increases in their ‎crystalline structure and crystalline magnetic anisotropy. The most variation in Hc and Sq were achieved ‎for prepared nanowires at 30 V.‎


  1. S Aalaye, P Kameli, H Salamati, and H Arabi, IJPR. 12 (2013) 361.

  2. B Mohammadi, A A Ashkarran, and M Mahmoudi, IJPR.16 (2017) 359.

  3. M Mardaani, H Rabani, and Z Baharloo, IJPR. 13 (2013) 197.

  4. J M D Coey, "Magnetism and magnetic materials", Cambridge University Press (2010).

  5. S Hosseini, M Almasi Kashi, A Ramazani, and F Eshaghi, IJPR. 11 (2011) 181.

  6. R Golipour, A Khayyatian, A Ramazani, and M Almasi Kashi, IJPR. 7 (2007) 73.

  7. M Irfan, U Khan, W Li, W Kong, K Javed, and X F Han, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 691 (2017) 1.

  8. S Yang, H Zhu, D Yu, Z Jin, S Tang, and Y Du, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 222 (2000) 97.

  9. M Najafi, Z Alemipour, and F Rajabi, Journal of science and technology of composite 4 (2017) 255.

  10. A Naeem, kh Suleman, I Arman, A Muhammad, A Sh Saqlain, A Ishfaq, J Nyla, M Abdul, and I Javed, Appl. Phys. A. 123 (2017) 1.

  11. M Tian, J Wang, J Snyder, J Kurtz, Y Liu, P Schiffer, T E Mallouk, and M H W Chan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 (2003) 1620.

  12. X Gao, I E Wachs, M S Wong, and J Y Ying, Journal of Catalysis 203 (2001) 18.

  13. G Binnig, C F Quate, C Gerber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56 (1986) 930.

  14. T M Whiney, J S Jiang, P C Searson, and C L Chien, Science 261(1993) 1316.

  15. N Ahmad, S Khan, W J Li, M Saddique, and S A Shah, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 441 (2017) 696.

  16. C X  Cui, B L Wang, W Yang, and J B Sun, Journal of Crystal Growth 324 (2011) 168.

  17. H Giefers, M Nicol, Journal of alloys and compounds 422 (2006) 132.

  18. B Astinchap, Z Alemipour, MJ Faraji, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 498 (2020) 166245.

  19. D H Qin, L Cao, Q Y Sun, Y Huang, and H L Li, Chem. Phys. Lett. 358 (2002) 484.

  20. M Koohbor, S Soltanian, M Najafi, and P Servati, Materials Chemistry and Physics 131 (2012) 728.

  21. M Najafi, Z Alemipour, I Hasanzadeh, A Aftabi, S Soltanian, and J Supercond. Nov. Magn. 28 (2015) 95.‎

ارتقاء امنیت وب با وف ایرانی