Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Applied Science, Malek‎‏ ‏Ashtar University of Technology (MUT), Shahin Shahr‎‎, Iran

2 Faculty of Mechanics, Malek‏ ‏Ashtar University of Technology (MUT), , Iran


This paper addresses a unimorph cantilevered piezoelectric nanogenerator having high ‎output power through vibrational energy harvesting that is simulated using finite element ‎method (FEM). The simulations are done for three types of perovskite piezoelectric ‎materials including PZT, PMN-PT and MAPbI3. The interdigitated electrodes were ‎exploited‏ ‏to obtain longitudinal vibration mode using d33 mode of piezoelectric layer during ‎the bending of nanogenerator structure. The presented structure consists of a piezoelectric ‎nanolayer with gold interdigitated electrodes on it, which is placed on a flexible PET ‎polymeric substrate. To encapsulate the piezoelectric layer, an SU-8 epoxy is placed over ‎the surface. The poling process is also simulated by applying high voltage through IDs to ‎piezoelectric layer. Generally, the electric potential distribution of the piezoelectric layer ‎must be performed by applying mechanical loadings. Then the output voltage, ‎power for free vibrations and base excitation (0.25-2g) of the nanogenerator at resonance ‎frequency are investigated. The resonance frequency of the PZT, PMN-PT, and MAPbI3 were ‎calculated to be 549 Hz, 560.5 Hz and 631 Hz, respectively. We found that PZT ‎piezoelectric materials yields maximum output voltage and electrical power values of 91.69 ‎V and 350 mW which shows better performance in vibrational energy harvesting ‎application. In comparison, the results of the simulation implied a good agreement with ‎other experimental studies. The unimorph piezoelectric energy harvester system generates ‎high voltage and output power in response to sub-kilohertz ambient vibration‎.‎‎


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