Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Physics, PayameNoor University, Tehran, Iran

2 Physics and Accelerators Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Physics, PayameNoor University, Tehran, Iran ‎ ‎


Due to their high efficiency and low ‎cost, electrostatic electron accelerators with a moderate energy,  are used in the industry. In an electrostatic accelerator, the acceleration tube plays the role of dividing ‎the potential of the high-voltage terminal so that it accelerates the beam incrementally in a straight line. In this ‎paper, an acceleration tube for a Dynamitron accelerator with a voltage of 500 kV is designed by CST Studio ‎Suite software. In this design, an electron gun with flat cathode, and a current of 50 mA was used.  In order to ‎extract the beam from the electron gun, two filters are used: electrodes and the lens electrode, with voltages of 495 and ‎‎481 kV, respectively; besides for electron acceleration, 13 electrodes with a potential step of 37 kV have been ‎designed. To hold the electrodes and prevent electrical discharges between the electrodes, insulating ‎sheets made of Pyrex are used. At the end of the acceleration tube, a 50mA beam current, a waist radius of less than 0.5 ‎mm, a 73nm radian emittance, and a 0.15μperv beam were obtained. The dimensions of the acceleration tube ‎and the results of investigating the change in the radius of the electrodes, the displacement and deviation of ‎the angles of the first electrode relative to the axis of the acceleration tube are presented in this paper‎.‎


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