نویسندگان

گروه فیزیک، دانشگاه صنعتی نوشیروانی بابل، بابل

چکیده

در سال‌های اخیر فیزیک از یک علم محض به یک علم کاربردی روزمره تبدیل شده است و دیگر در کمتر جایی فیزیک صرفاً به صورت یک رشته کارشناسی و یا مقاطع بالاتر بدون کاربرد مشخص تدریس می‌شود. این امر به دلیل راه‌کارهایی است که فیزیک برای پژوهش­گران رشته­های مختلف به ارمغان آورده است، که علت آن هم به واسطه مهارت­های تحلیلی فیزیک‌پیشگان است. از اولین معادله دیفرانسیل ارائه شده برای پتانسیل عمل نورون­های مغز و اعصاب توسط هاجکین و هاکسلی گرفته تا پیشنهاد نانوفناوری توسط فاینمن همه راه‌کارهایی است که علوم پایه، و به خصوص فیزیک به جامعه پزشکی، صنعت و پژوهش­گران رشته‌های مختلف ارائه داده است. در این مقاله مروری سعی می­شود جایگاه فیزیک اعصاب به عنوان زیرشاخه­ای از بیوفیزیک به دانشجویان و پژوهش­گران فیزیک معرفی شود تا اهمیت همراه شدن با جامعه جهانی و آموزش دانشجویان فیزیک مطابق کاربردهای روز روشن­تر گردد. ما ابتدا با معرفی دستگاه اعصاب مرکزی از دیدگاه فیزیک شروع کرده و سپس به معرفی قوانین و معادلات بنیادی فیزیک اعصاب می­پردازیم. در آخر به فیزیک یادگیری و حافظه اشاره­ای خواهیم داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Applied physics-I: Introduction to neurophysics

نویسندگان [English]

  • R Khanbabaie
  • M Tabesh

چکیده [English]

In recent years, many physics departments have turned from pure physics into applied physics so that physics is no longer taught as a major in undergraduate or graduate studies without any specific application. This is due to the physics solutions brought for researchers in different disciplines, and that is for the analytical skills of physicists. From the first differential equation developed by Hodgkin and Huxley for action potential of neurons in brain and nervous system, to suggestion of nanotechnology by Richard Feynman are all fundamental solutions introduced by fundamental sciences, especially physics, to industries, health sciences, and researchers in various fields. In this review paper we try to introduce the position of Neurophysics as a sub-branch of biophysics to physics students and researchers so that we can elaborate the importance of engaging with the international community and training of students of physics according to the day applications. We start with an introduction of central nervous system from the perspective of physics, and then explain the fundamental laws and equations of neurophysics. At the end we will finish with an introductory level of the physical science behind learning and memory.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • memory
  • nervous system
  • neurophysics
  • neuroscience
  • neuron
  • synapse

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